Planning and Direction

This is management of the entire open source intelligence (OSINT) effort, from identifying the task to delivering an completed and polished open source intelligence (OSINT) product (report) to a consumer. It is the beginning and the end of the cycle–the beginning because it involves drawing up specific collection requirements and the end because finished open source intelligence (OSINT), which supports the decision making process, generates new requirements and thus new tasking.

Collection

Is the gathering of the raw information needed to produce a completed task order driven open source intelligence (OSINT) product (report). There are multiple sources of non-classified or open source information including foreign broadcasts, newspapers, periodicals, books, and social media.

Finally, technical collection–electronics and satellite photography–plays an indispensable role in modern open source intelligence (OSINT) support of both public and private entities, such as monitoring insider threats, business competitors, enhanced due diligence for mergers and acquisition and support of traditional ground investigative units.

Processing

Is the step that involves converting the huge amounts of data and information (both structured and unstructured) collected to a
form usable by analysts through decryption, language translations, and granular data manipulation.

Open Source Analysis and Production

Is the transformation of basic data and information into a usable and tangible knowledge capture environment called completed open source intelligence (OSINT). This includes integrating, evaluating, and analyzing all unclassified and available data and preparing clean and actionable open source intelligence (OSINT) products (reports). Properly trained open source intelligence (OSINT) analysts who are subject-matter experts (SMEs), consider the information’s reliability, validity, and relevance.